14NOV 2018
Medieval English words

Medieval English words

This month’s word of the month is ‘Lodmanage’, which is a word meaning ‘navigation’, taken from the domain of Shipping. Shipping, particularly international shipping, is a fascinating aspect of everyday medieval life to explore from a linguistic perspective. Historian Maryanne Kowaleski (2009) has argued…

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25OCT 2018
Medieval English translation

Medieval English translation

Chief Pre-Shakespearean Dramas: A Selection of Plays Illustrating the History of the English Drama from its Origin Down to Shakespeare. Ed. and trans. Joseph Quincy Adams. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1924. [Individual texts are listed separately below.] Medieval Drama. Ed. and trans. David Bevington. Boston:…
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05OCT 2018
Old English language Translator

Old English language Translator

You can’t avoid it. Some 380 million people speak it as their first language and as much as 300 million as their second. A billion are learning it. By 2050, it is predicted half the world will be more or less proficient in it. Only surpassed by Mandarin on native speakers, English is the language of international business, politics and diplomacy. It is still number one in computers…

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15SEP 2018
SparkNotes Hamlet modern text

SparkNotes Hamlet modern text

Original Text Modern Text Enter HAMLET and PLAYERS HAMLET and the PLAYERS enter. HAMLET Speak the speech, I pray you, as I pronounced it to you, trippingly on the tongue. But if you mouth it, as many of your players do, I had as lief the town crier spoke my lines. Nor do not saw the air too much with your hand thus, but use all gently, for in the very torrent, tempest, and…

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26AUG 2018
Hamlet modern

Hamlet modern

The following list is ordered alphabetically. In, Tony Wilson quotes the T. S. Eliot poem The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock claiming, I am not Prince Hamlet, nor was I meant to be when he discusses missing crucial information in his own semi-biographical film. Egyptian director Youssef Chahine frequently cites from Hamlet in his films. His films Alexandria Why? (1978)…

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27FEB 2018
Julius Caesar modern English translation

Julius Caesar modern English translation

Flavius and Marullus, the two tribunes on duty, were patrolling the centre of Rome on that sunny morning. Charged with keeping law and order, they noticed a small crowd beginning to form. Although today was the feast of Lupercal, the annual festival of purification and fertility in honour of the god, Lupercus, it was nevertheless a normal working day. The law stated that all…

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17JUL 2015
Old fashioned word for you

Old fashioned word for you

We’re all familiar with contractions. Plenty are signalled by an apostrophe and others don’t hide their origins with any notable ingenuity – such as I’m, you’re, they’ll etc. But some everyday words have dispensed with markers of their shortenings, to the extent that you may well not have realized that they ever started as anything else. don and doff Saying that you’ll don…

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09MAR 2014
Modern to Middle English translation

Modern to Middle English translation

The unique Middle English prose life of Alexander the Great (the prose Alexander) is the first item in Lincoln Cathedral Library MS. 91 (Lincoln Thornton), a miscellany of religious, historical, pragmatic, and romantic pieces. Although the control of the hand varies, sometimes from leaf to leaf, the prose Alexander is written in the same hand as the rest of the manuscript…

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